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Posts Tagged ‘History of breed’

The modern history of the breed, pug.

The modern breed pug brought British breeders. The contribution to the preservation and development of the breed have English breeders, through which came the modern type pug. First got in this country were dogs with short, cropped ears, strongly Tongue, longer than it is today, noses, claws and more rounded and less dense tulovischem.Snachala in England bred dogs with black mask two colors: “moon shine” (silver) and “warm sun” (apricot with red and black coating on the ends of the Wool shoulder, back and ears). Then there were instances of black – “black night”. Among the owners of the new breed best known Lady Willoughby de Eresbi (Lincolnshire), and Mr. Morrison (Walham Green), received two quality lines of pugs named Willoughby pugs and pugs Morrison. Subsequently, the dogs crossed with each other, which greatly improved the porodu.V XVII century. Pugs in Spain called “turkveyt”, or “dogilo”, in Italy – “kadzhanlino”, or “Camusot” in Germany – “mopshund” in England – “Reed” or “pagom.” In Russia Pugs first came in end of XIX century. but after the revolution, they again disappear for a long time. Only in the 1980’s. breeding pugs to start professional. Breeding work began in Russia with 5 dogs, and by 1989 there were already about 80 beautiful, healthy individuals. They began to open clubs and nurseries, conducted regional and international exhibitions. I must say that breeding pugs have been and are engaged in literate breeders with extensive experience in this field. So far the number of pugs in Russia has increased significantly, and the quality of the breed is world class. In this regard, a Russian pugs good reputation abroad, they are popular with foreign breeders. Currently Pugs are one of the most common species, not only in Europe but in America and Australia.

History of the breed, mops.

Since ancient times, the dog was the faithful companion of man. When a plant dog, they get themselves and their children’s true and reliable friend and pomoschnika.Sredi numerous species bred by man, pugs are the most popular breed. These small, strange-looking dogs astonishingly lively and restlessness. They are always ready to walk, is pleased to participate in all family matters and igrah.Krome attention, pug, like any pet, requires care and good nutrition. Especially not easy for those who first encountered the breed. Immediately, there are many questions: how to feed a pug, how and when to educate, how to care for, bathe, breed, how to treat when a pet is ill, and so d.Rodinoy room decorative dog breed pug is China. From there, Pugs were first brought into Evropu.Pervye domestic dogs appeared about 15 thousand years ago. In gratitude for food animals guarded the people against enemies and wild animals, and helped keep the cattle, to hunt. Over time, the dog, due to natural instinct, was for a man not only a faithful companion and helper, but also a friend. Over time, people paid attention to the fact that certain groups of animals possess specific skills and qualities (hunting skills, taking good track), and began to develop them. So were removed the rock and the groups of dogs: hunting, herding, and decorative room, office, and the number of species dr.Bolshoe room decorative dogs appeared in the East, in China, where dogs have started to grow about 6-7 thousand years ago. This country is known for its philosophical approach to the knowledge of the world picture, subtle perception of the surrounding reality, especially the ratio of all life. In China, the dog symbolizes fidelity and devotion, of great importance was attached to the national religion, mythology and art. In Chinese astrology, the dog is the eleventh sign of the zodiac, express many qualities. It represented the law of allegiance, devotion, symbolized the sun and wind at the same time authorizing the ability to eject demonov.Pochtitelnoe against the Chinese did not extend to black dogs, which were considered the embodiment of evil forces, a symbol of natural disasters and adverse faktorov.Obraz dogs are widely distributed in Chinese mythology. According to the concepts nation Yao is this animal was their forefather. Legend has it that in ancient times the ruler of one country has promised to give his daughter to wife one who will bring him the head of the enemy, a long and exhausting war which has already greatly weakened the country. The request of the Emperor fulfilled yard dog panha. Lord kept his promise, and his daughter, along with the dog went to live in the mountains. The descendants of Princess and panha were Yao. In honor of our ancestors, people regularly arranged prazdnestva.Po of the ancient Chinese, the dog accompanying the man is everywhere in life was to stay with him after death. In the underworld, she helped the owner to go on a dangerous maze and indicate the right path. Archaeologists have discovered several graves, which together with the remains of human bones were dogs. Over time, instead of the dogs in the grave of the deceased have to put a figure zhivotnogo.Sredi monuments of the ancient Chinese art meets the image of the legendary dogs Fu (lion-dog). The Chinese believed that the owner will be happy Fu chelovekom.V ancient China, some dogs inspired by a special intuition and the ability to distinguish between possessed people and the ability to see the red elemental bedstviya.V Chinese religion, as we know, many animals (dragon, lion, turtle, and etc. ) were regarded as sacred. Great respect from the Chinese enjoyed a lion, whose image is installed in front of temples to scare away evil forces. Since China is not the lions were carried out, their place was taken by animals, like the kings of the nature of externally – Pekingese and dr.Takim way in China to the dogs was a special relationship, they are an important part of human society, the national religion, philosophy. Often the dogs could do what was forbidden even to people. In this regard, China’s breeding dogs, especially small breeds, have received considerable vnimanie.Bolshoy contribution to the dog made a Tibetan lama. Within the walls of their monasteries appeared breeds of dogs, which became the progenitors of such breeds as the Pekingese, shar pei, shih-tzu, pug and dr.Iz all dog breeds pug is one of the most mysterious, the history of the emergence of which is surrounded with myths and legends. Until now, scientists argue about its origin. Some believe that the pug is the birthplace of the Far East, while others believe that these dogs have appeared in South Africa, others are looking for roots in Europe. However, direct evidence no one else. Although to date scholars are inclined to believe that pugs have appeared yet in the East for a long time, even during the birth of Buddhism. It was there found the most evidence of this. References to “square, low dog with short snout”, the main purpose of which was the service and entertainment rights, are in ancient Chinese manuscripts. Also preserved terracotta, jade and ceramic figurines of dogs with short face, with big bulging eyes. I should say that these monuments of the ancient Chinese art of an amazingly realistichnostyu.Schitaetsya that the ancestor of Pugs can be derived by Tibetan monks and Szechuan small dog, called fu, or Sichuan-bayami. In pugs, they were the forefathers of many miniature breeds of dogs: Hina, a Tibetan terrier, Pekingese – palace pocket dogs, Lhasa Apso, pei – dog mascot, Shi-ttsu.Upominaniya of small dogs with short snout exist in ancient Indian literary works in particularly in the Mahabharata. mopsovidnyh first mention of the dogs survived to this day, date back to 600 BC. Oe. It is known that they were favorites of Chinese rulers. Despite the fact that the dogs were regarded as a hunting breed, treated them more as a decorative: they are strongly holili, spoiled, each of them had her own servant, and to the point of hunting them delivered in a specially made stretcher to save power and hiding from those of commoners. Modern look of pugs are not very different from the images found on the objects of ancient art. In particular, mopsovidnye dogs depicted shorthair, with a big round head, short muzzle, large round eyes and curled tails, sometimes without nih.V China there were two kinds of dogs – ha-pa, and lo-tzu, who had a similar external structure and differ only long hair. The first were Longhair, second – Shorthair. It is believed that the ancestors of the pugs were precisely lo-tsze.V X in. Szechuan-bais became known as Lao-chentsze, or lo-tzu, in honor of the provincial capital of Sichuan – Lo Cheng. This name was kept until the beginning of XX century. In ancient China there was a strict time limit, which was strictly defined, to whom and exactly what the dogs could contain. Despite the fact that the emperor’s sacred and holy Pekingese dogs were found, Lo-tzu have the least privileged position. They were kind of sign of glory and splendor, so they were allowed to keep only the homes of the rich and noble families. However mopsovidnye dogs lived in the imperial palace, the limits of which had never left. Each had a collar with a bell and its own privileged position sluga.Stol mopsovidnyh dogs due to likely presence of their headlamp folds, forming an interesting pattern. In ancient China, this figure was compared with the Chinese character for bearing a hidden meaning and the Emperor’s mark. It should be noted that the Lo-tzu wrinkles on his forehead was not as deep as in modern dogs. Consolidation of the features characteristic of the breed today, in antiquity engaged spetsialno.Odnako over the centuries in China’s interest in these dogs had begun to fade. Their breeding continued to engage primarily in monasteries in Tibet, as well as in some other Asian countries, where udalos secretly take lo-tzu from Kitaya.V late XVII century. in the Forbidden City to the pug, along with the Pekingese and Japanese spaniels, is back bygone popularity. They were again surrounded by secrecy, forbidden to show ordinary people. When breeding dogs korotkomordyh focused on those folks, who could easily be placed in the wide sleeves of women’s dresses and costumes of the courtiers. Due to this circumstance, an expression of “pocket dog”. In Europe, familiarity with korotkomordymi Chinese dogs took place much earlier, in the XVI century. It was then, with the development of trade relations between European and Asian countries, the Dutch sailors brought home, and lo je. The Europeans have come to the mind restless energetic dogs.


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