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Posts Tagged ‘Болезни’

Diseases and treatment of dogs.

Diseases of the Dog.

The real scourge of the past decade has demodicosis (Zheleznitsa). The causative agent of this disease – a microscopic mite Demodex canis, a parasite that is in the hair follicles, sweat, sebaceous glands, and lymph.
KNOW that the agent of demodectic mange in cats, dogs and people of different.
Most dogs suffer from demodex short-haired breeds (especially pugs) and, as a rule, young: 6-15 months. Carriage of Demodex mites for a healthy dog is seen by many European physicians as normal.
Veterinarians have come to the conclusion that the animals are susceptible to demodicosis with weakened immune systems.
A healthy dog with intact skin cover is not sick, even during close contact with sick animals.
Acne is manifested in two forms: scaly and pustular.
If any suspicions of disease to make a study of the skin scraping under a microscope.

Acne is treated.
Important – please be patient, because treatment of demodicosis lasts long enough (two months or more, depending on the severity).

About furious.
Rabies – a severe infection, which suffer from all warm-blooded animals, including humans. Treatment of rabies no.
In areas of the country where the forests have rabies virus infection are the main carrier of cats and stray dogs. They do not wear a leash and do not block the way to the forest fence. Rabid animals – rodents, foxes, badgers often bite livestock grazing in the fields, and stray animals. That’s homeless cats and dogs, abandoned by people to their fate, are especially dangerous in the presence of rabies virus, they do not do forced vaccinations!
Once a year – spring, all dogs are doing vaccinated against rabies.

On the plague.
It is proved that all dogs, without exception, are subject to disease plague, like all people exposed to measles. Virologists in many countries have done a great job in the fight against epidemics. Sick dogs of all ages, but most young people (from 2 months to 2 years).
Recommended treatment of plague does not exist, the virus “decides” question, which authorities he hit. The most complex form – nervous. The largest percentage of death is in this form of plague.
Properly reared dogs – no worms, the raw meat, graft, with good-range – have the strength to fight infection. Where the body can not defend itself, the virus breaks a biological barrier of cells and penetrates it.
Above all, do not miss the beginning of the disease.
Remember. No vaccine does not guarantee absolute protection!

What could be a sign of an impending plague? The animal becomes lethargic, refuses food, the temperature sharply rises above 40 degrees, the worse your breath, wheezing occur, copious purulent discharge from the eyes, gray powder on the nose (nose sprinkled with ashes), fever, discharge from the nose, trembling of the hind limbs, vomiting, diarrhea , photophobia (the dog blinks, rammed into the darkness.) But these symptoms may not be. So if your dog’s illness lasts two or three days, consult a doctor, he was diagnosed.
Treatment in each case, you will appoint a physician.
Plague – an insidious disease. Leaking is easy in the beginning, it is dangerous severe complications.

Parvovirus enteritis.
Parvovirus enteritis – highly contagious viral disease characterized by inflammation and necrosis of the intestinal mucosa. In young dogs, especially in young puppies, enteritis accompanied by myocarditis (heart muscle damage). Dogs of all ages are susceptible, especially puppies from two weeks to a year.
The first symptoms – lethargy, refusal to feed the puppy tries to lie on his stomach on a cold surface, appears Xia vomiting foam, diarrhea with a very specific smell. First, vomiting and diarrhea are rare, then – indomitable. Against this background of rapidly developing dehydration, which causes shock and death. The disease sometimes develops so rapidly that the loss of every hour can cost the life of the animal.

With careful attention to your pet, the beginning of the disease can be recognized in the first hours. Do not forget! The puppy lives a day for two weeks of life! Does the baby survives, depends on your competent and decisive action in the early hours, not days of sickness. In your vetaptechke there are drugs that are needed to provide emergency assistance:
– The water is changed to a solution of Rehydron, slightly salted water, a weak solution of chamomile or yarrow, 1 teaspoonful every half hour;
– Hunger;
– Fosprenil (antiviral drug) – 1,2,3-day four times per dose intramuscularly, followed by the scheme (see the annotation of the drug: a dose – 0.1 ml per 1 kg of body weight. For example, the puppy weighs 3 kg therefore, a dose of 0.3 ml);
– Gala-Vet of 0.04 mg or 1 ml vitakana subcutaneously 3-4 times after 12-24 hours (immunomodulators);
– Sulfokamfokain of 0.1-0.3 ml (depending on age) subcutaneously two times a day (support the work of the heart and respiratory center);
– Raglan or tserukal (antiemetic) in 0.5 ml 2-3 times daily subcutaneous – when uncontrollable vomiting;
– Gamavit or amine in 0.5 mL 2 times a day subcutaneously (complex vitamin preparation for the immune system);
– A very desirable chloramphenicol succinate for injection – 25 mg per 1 kg body weight 2 times a day every 12 hours (a powerful antibiotic). If chloramphenicol is not, then gentametsin of 0.3-0.5 ml, depending on the age of 2 times a day intramuscularly;
Do not attempt to give a pill, they will cause only an attack of vomiting, further worsening the situation.
Be sure to find an opportunity to call a specialist, but do not lose at the same time – continue treatment. Depending on the severity of the disease, the individual characteristics of the body during treatment to make significant adjustments, but it can make a doctor.
At the end of the treatment the animal diet is needed.

Infectious hepatitis.
Contamination with the virus of infectious hepatitis is most susceptible youngsters aged up to one year, as well as weak and affected by helminths (worms) animals.
The disease usually begins with a gradually increasing weakness, the dog becomes inactive, refuses food, more lies, gets up with difficulty, his gait unsteady motion. Then there are the characteristic features of hepatitis B: vomiting of bile, unilateral or bilateral keratitis (whitish opacity of the cornea), and tonsillitis. Urine takes a dark brown color.
The disease occurs in the hyperacute, acute, subacute and chronic forms.
At the first sign to see a doctor.
In cases where the doctor is delayed, or visit a doctor for any reason impossible, begin treatment for yourself:
– Peace and warmth;
– Forcibly fed;
– Drink plenty of water (not water) solution Rehydron, a weak decoction of chamomile, yarrow, you can add 40% glucose, or a little honey;
– Immunnofan, ribotan, vitakan – any immunnomodulyator applied 3-4 times at intervals of 12-24 hours subcutaneously, depending on the severity of disease (these preparations contain a ready-made antibodies);
– Amine or gamavit (complex vitamins to support the immune system) in 0.5 ml 2-3 times a day subcutaneously;
– Fosprenil (an antiviral drug of broad-spectrum), the first day of a four-fold dose (see plague), followed by the scheme in the abstract;
– Furazolidone and 1/2 tablets, 2 times a day, or ftalazol 1/4 tablet 2 times a day, or chloramphenicol for 1/2 tablets 2 times a day (antibacterial drugs for the prevention of secondary infections);
– Analgin (as antipyretic at high temperature) in 0.3 mL 2 times a day;
– Raglan or tserukal (antiemetic) in 0.5 ml 2-3 times a day subcutaneously for uncontrollable vomiting;
– Sulfokamfokain of 0.1-0.3 ml 2 times a day subcutaneously for the maintenance of cardiac and respiratory activity.
Further treatment is coordinated with the attending physician.


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