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Archive for January 2012

Comments to the FCI standard breed pug. Part 3. Jaws and teeth.

Description of the structure of the jaws and teeth of a pug.

Mouth:
A small snack. Skewed (the curve) the mouth, rising above the teeth and tongue popping out highly undesirable. Front teeth (incisors) wide lower jaw is always a straight line.

Comment. Dog’s teeth are considered from two perspectives:
1. In number.
The dog has 42 teeth: 12 incisors, 4 canines, 16 premolars and 10 molars.
The incisors (6 in each jaw) located in the center. Upper size a few more lower, and serve to capture and cutting food. Canines are after the incisors on both sides. This is the most powerful teeth that are conical in shape, designed to disrupt tissue protection and attack and needed to form a strong grip. Canines in males more than females.
On both sides are lozhnokorennye teeth – premolars, 4 on each side (total of 16 premolars, 8 in each jaw), and 10 molars – teeth, which are located two on each side of the upper jaw and three in the bottom.

The structure of the teeth pug.

Teeth pug. Form of bite, bite.

2. The form of clamping jaws (bite).
The figure shows the form of bite.
Scissor bite – a series of upper teeth covers the lower teeth so that the lower incisors adjacent to the inner planes of the upper teeth.
Direct (pincer) bite – incisors of both jaws touch their cutting edges.
Undershot – the lower jaw is shorter, so that the rows of the upper and lower incisors there is a gap.

Undershot – the lower jaw is longer than the upper:
– Dense snack – a number of lower teeth covers the upper teeth so that the upper incisors adjacent to the inner planes of the lower teeth.
– Snack with deviation – between the rows of the upper and lower incisors there is a gap.
– Buldozhina – between the rows of the upper and lower incisors there is a big gap.

Dentition pug has its own characteristics, as with all flat-dogs. With this structure of the muzzle, like a pug, or to be more precise, there is almost complete absence of it is quite obvious that a full set of teeth he can not be. Absolutely no 01/02 is considered normal premolars and molars, are experts at not paying any attention. Some foreign experts do not even pay attention to the fact whether the pug complete set of incisors, giving importance only to the fact whether the lower jaw is broad enough and straight in front (as determined by touch). So often it happens that an expert, especially foreign, looks dentition pug only in cases of suspected wry mouth, because the dog of this breed are very emotional and usually do not tolerate familiarity with them, especially such as foreseeing a stranger in your mouth. Prevent the inspection also features a pug lips – thick enough, they interfere with the rapid display of the bite, covering a nose when picked up. The lower lip is thick and the pug is so tight that closes the lower teeth, so it inevitably causes subsidence pug negative emotions that can lead to spasms with breathing. In this regard, the British experts do not recommend without much need to inspect the dental system in pugs.

It should be borne in mind that Pugs, like all flat-dogs, is often found such a deficiency, as wry mouth, which can be either genetic or acquired as a result of injury and improper cultivation. This drawback can be poorly defined, visible only under careful contemplation when picked up lips, and pronounced, noticeable even at a cursory glance at the dog. Wry mouth is a few options:
1) The lower jaw is shifted to the right or left (Fig. lb);

Correct bite and jaw misalignment pug.

Bite, wry mouth.

2) when viewed from the front lower jaw on one side, right or left, loose fit to the top, that is not parallel or not parallel with respect to the upper (Fig. a);
3) when viewed from above the lower jaw on one side, right or left, as if a little longer and also is not parallel with respect to the top. This happens when the teeth of the mandible, particularly canines, asymmetrically located with respect to each other.
As a rule, in all cases, jaw misalignment visible language.
A common drawback is the Checkerboard incisors. Sometimes the teeth are too small. Typically, experts say it’s not a fault, but breeders should bear in mind that all the anomalies of the dental system quickly accumulate in breeding, which is without taking them into account. Breeding dogs with small teeth together can lead to the birth of pugs with narrowed the lower jaw. Scissor bite is extremely rare, but it is a very serious drawback. A serious drawback is undershot with the waste, which are visible teeth. This often causes the dog to loll out.

As with other flat-dogs, pugs, unfortunately, fairly early start to lose teeth, so a dropped or broken cutters on exterior assessment did not significantly affect and take into account only ceteris paribus.

Comments to the FCI standard breed pug. Part 2.

Comments to the standard FCI.

Eyes:
Dark, very large, round in shape, with a gentle, humble and full of desires expression, very lustrous and full of fire when excited.

Comment – Eye for an expressive dog like a pug, are particularly important. Let us specify a few points. Big eyes pug should be planted wide enough for one line with the nose. Blizkoposazhennye glazapridayut pug unusual, foolish look. Characteristic of the Pug expression of vigilance and mischief will be lost. Fortunately, such a deficiency is uncommon.

Standard eye pug

Different types of eye pug.

Light-colored eyes – a serious drawback, as well as small eyes or eyes that have seen too much protein. The disadvantages are also slanted, almond-shaped eyes and the eyes are too prominent.

Ears:
Thin, small, soft as a “black velvet”. Two varieties – “roses” – small ears folded over his head, set aside, reverse, so that open the inner part. “Buttons” – the ears laid forward, margins held tightly to the skull, close the internal orifice. Prefer the latter.

Comment. Epithets used to describe a pug ears, rather relative. Anyone who is familiar with this breed, it is unlikely to come to mind associations such as the “button” or “rose”. Did you see anywhere on buttons such form, as a neat triangular ears pug? Therefore, to clarify suggest you look at the pictures of pugs with ears in the form of so-called “buttons” and “Roses.” Consider first the ears of “buttons”. In fact, they look more like a triangle, the lower the top of which is on the line through the middle of the eye and the inner side close to the head. The base of this triangle is a continuation of the skull.

Pug ears

Standard ear pugs.

Ears “rose” have room in the back of the ear. These ears look smaller. Do not confuse your ears “a rose” with ears cocked so much that is visible to the entire inside of the ear – this is a drawback.
Ears, “a button” create the impression of a wider skull, while his ears, “Rose” visually reduce it. The disadvantages are the thick, long, low set or “flying” ears, ears and bright in adults. Sometimes puppies are light-colored ears, but as a rule, they darken with age. The disadvantages include including “raznouhost.” This term denotes a situation when one ear is shaped like “roses”, and another – a form of “buttons”.

Comment by FCI standard breed pug.

Comment by FCI standard breed pug.

General appearance:
Explicitly square and chunky, it’s like, “much in the small”, expressed in a compact form, good proportions and well-developed muscles.

Comment. The Standard clearly and specifically describes the general form of a pug, but it should make a few clarifications. The phrase “square format” means that the height at the withers is equal to the oblique body length (see figure). Pug – is both a square and stocky little dog, with a well-developed, strong bone, well balanced as a whole. Equally undesirable dog square format, but with a light bone structure and long legs, and stocky dog, but with a long torso and short legs. The dog should look like physically strong, healthy, harmoniously composed, that is all part of her body should be proportional to each other.
Well-known American expert and breeder of pugs Shirley Thomas in his book “The New Pug” tells about the problems faced by American breeders breed type while maintaining the pugs.

The proportions of the pug

Ideal proportions pug.

“… Over the years, breeders have worked hard to create a breed pug. One of the challenges along the way – to save the type of rock. You know the difference between pugs tereropodobnogo, buldogopodobnogo and new ball-type peistogo? Pug terernogo such elegant. He has a long, expressive neck, turns into a perfectly straight shoulders, forearms straight and upright pasterns. It’s sad when people say they prefer this type because pugs are very attractive. This is the wrong type. Unfortunately, many dogs of this type of win today in the U.S.
Pug bulldog type has a very broad front with a powerful head, planted on the loaded neck. Sometimes this can be added to the low yield of the neck or shoulder related.
But the most unpleasant – it’s a pug sharpeistogo type. Due to the fact that some breeders have tried to make a name for himself in breeding these dogs, we see overloaded, raw wobbly backsides with pugs. This is not the type of breed pug. These dogs are swollen pork fat, trying to hide his long back and topline wrong. Since the Chinese pug was in Holland and England and appeared in the U.S., it was never like this. Such preferences can destroy pug breed type.
The Pug should be tightly-bone, piece, square, with a well-rounded, elastic edges, with a straight topline and set high, curled tail. Properly balanced and wrinkled head planted on a moderately curved neck. Hind legs straight when viewed from behind, and the rear part of a strong, well muscled in the hips and moderate angles of the knee. This type of pug. ”

Pug should not be awkward, clumsy, fat or skinny. Well-developed musculature and tight. Good muscle substance (muscle hardness) is not achieved raskarmlivaniem, and regular exercise – walking, jumping, etc. Sometimes the owners of pugs trying to hide the lack of backbone and overall slenderness raskarmlivaniem dogs, but usually do not achieve the desired result. Very comical look like a dog with a small head and thin legs, but bold, loose body.

In nature. Very charming, generous and intelligent.

Temperament. Balanced, cheerful, lively and cheerful.

Comment. Pug – a perfect companion, the beautiful “Divan” dog in the best sense of the word, kind, intelligent, playful and accommodating. Unlike its Chinese cousin – Pekingese, Pug – the dog is very lively, jumping, he just has to work, it is an indispensable participant, all home events, while the Pekingese will only condescending watch. He constantly strives to be in the spotlight and not very restrained in showing emotions. Partying pug is attracting worldwide attention.

A serious drawback for pugs are aggressiveness, shyness, nervousness and hysteria. At the same time was pleased to note that these traits in this breed are extremely rare.

Head:
Large, round, but not “yablokopodobnaya” without grooves on the skull. Muzzle short, blunt, square, not turned up. Clearly marked wrinkles.

Comment. Pug head should be evident. But it should be noted that the head is never considered in itself, but always in proportion to the body. There are cases when comparing the two dogs have noted that the head of one dog a few more massive than the other, and make a conclusion about its desirability, not seeing that the second dog is much smaller in size. This approach to assessment is incorrect. In addition, the male head of a few massive head bitch. When the same amount of housing head dog must be larger and must clearly display the type of sex. Already in the face dog must be clear – it’s male or female. The expression “person” is always feminine and females more lenient:

Examples pugs head

Standards for head pug

Proper head pug should fit into a square. Nose is on the middle line through the middle of the eye and separating the front part of the head into two almost equal parts – the frontal part and the muzzle (see figure).

Seen from the front skull should be almost flat between the ears, domed (convex) or “yablokoobrazny ‘skull – a serious drawback. When viewed from the side of the forehead pug should not come forward like the Japanese Chin forehead. The muzzle should be short, flat and wide, almost equal to the width of his forehead. Dips under the eyes indicate poor fullness of the muzzle. Visually, it makes the face longer, and the typical form of a pug’s head as a whole disappears. One gets the impression that the dog’s head consists of two parts, as the dips sharply delimit the eyes of the front face of the skull. The lower jaw should be broad enough and the chin prominent. Otherwise, the face will look underdeveloped and narrowed.

Bridge with a pug should be slightly pronounced, as its complete absence leads to breathing problems and, as a consequence, heart failure, arrhythmias and fainting under strong agitation and physical activity. Bridge is desirable absolutely straight, it should not be concave, or a so-called “upturned” more characteristic of Japanese hinov, griffons and French bulldogs. In Pugs, in contrast to these species, shortened nasal passages, not curved. Another big disadvantage than turned up nose, a snout, dropped down. With the lowered muzzle the expression “person” in a pug is sad and tearful.

As for wrinkles, it is desirable that they form a beautiful, if possible symmetrical pattern, but it should not give the impression of dampness and sagging skin under the eyes and lips, like a head or an English bulldog shar pei. Flews should not hang down. The form of the folds of the nose does not matter, but most experts prefer continuous rather than intermittent, believing that this head looks more pug breed. The fold should be in harmony with the whole front part, that is not to be too thick, heavy, and hanging over the bridge, that heavier head as a whole, and not be too thin, that will make disharmony in the massive head with large eyes and broad, full face.

Nose must be black only; clarified – a big drawback. Nostrils large and well open.

FCI standard, the pug dog breed.

FCI standard, the pug dog breed.

FCI breed standard pug.

FCI standard, dog breed

General appearance:
Pug – highlighted square and chunky, it’s as though “a lot of small,” he concentrates the proportion of forms, compact size and highly developed musculature.

Character:
Very charming, generous and intelligent.

Temperament:
Balanced, cheerful, lively and cheerful.

Head:
Large, round, but not “yablokopodobnaya”, without clearly defined skull. Muzzle short, blunt, square, not turned up. Clearly marked wrinkles.

Eye:
Dark, very large, round in shape, with a gentle, humble and full of desires expression, very lustrous and full of fire, when excited.

Ears:
Thin, small, soft as a “black velvet”. Two varieties – “roses” – small ears folded over his head pulled back so that the interior is open. “Buttons” – the ears laid forward, margins held tightly to the skull, close the internal orifice. Preferable to the latter.

Mouth:
A small snack. Skewed (the curve) the mouth, rising above the teeth and tongue popping out highly undesirable. Front teeth (incisors) wide lower jaw must be in a straight line.

Neck:
Slightly curved, is similar to a crest, strong, thick, long enough to bear the proud head.

Forequarters:
Legs very strong, straight, moderately long, mutually parallel. At sufficiently substituted by the body (there are “good for a dog.”) Shoulders are well inclined.

Body:
A short, stocky with a broad chest and well-convex edges. Topline straight, never curved (concave) and oblique (angled).

stantart FCI Pug

FCI Pug Winner

Hindquarters:
Legs very strong, of moderate length, with good angulation, straight and mutually parallel when viewed from behind.

Feet:
Not as long as a rabbit, and not as round as a cat. Toes well divided, claws black.

Tail:
High set, curled as tightly as possible, pressed against his back. A double curl is more desirable.

Movement:
Seen from the front the forelegs are raised and lowered, while strictly under the shoulder. The feet point straight, not expanded neither in nor out. When viewed from behind the picture is similar. Forelegs move with a good, strong stroke. The hind limbs move freely, with good mobility in the knee joints. For gait is characterized by light rolling motion back.

Coat:
Thin, smooth, soft, short and glossy (never stiff and fluffy).

Color:
Silver, apricot, fawn and black. Each of these suits should be clearly marked, so that was a clear contrast between the main color and a mask. The markings must clearly stand out: the muzzle or mask, ears, warts on the cheeks, forehead spot in a diamond or a fingerprint and a dark line on the ridge should be as black as.

Size:
Ideal weight 6,3-8,1 kg.

Disadvantages:
Any deviation from the above-mentioned points should be considered as defects, and the seriousness with which they must be taken into account should be in strict accordance with the degree of deviation.

Note:
Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

How to get a pedigree puppy pug.

How to get a pedigree.

In the Russian Federation, the procedure for obtaining pedigree for dogs, Canine Federation of Russia determined (RCF). The site of this organization can be found all regulations and instruments relating to breeding dogs and their participation in exhibitions and other important things. It also very clearly stated and pedigree. So, in order to pug was able to show off his official status of pedigree dogs, just need to buy a purebred puppy, whose membership glorious old pug documented. And so, the first document is a baby puppy card (metric puppy). Next, get genealogy is only a matter of technique.

Experts recommend that engage in design pedigree after the puppies turned six months: that’s when you can be sure that the data on it already did in RKF. And all that is needed – it just took my puppy card, visit the RCF (or federation that issued the card). Regional pug owners do not have to travel to the capital, you can join the official club breeders in their own city, and draw directly descended through this organization, as it has in it all the powers. And really get the precious document, you can safely go to storm the exhibition. At least in Russia. However, in order to show his handsome pug to foreign experts, just need to get an export pedigree, but she issued on the basis of our internal Russian. However, for puppies that were born from unplanned mating, and thus do not have the puppy dog ​​card, the way to the exhibition is not ordered. Register-pedigree may help if the owner thinks the dog is worth it to “show themselves.” This document can be obtained after the animal is estimated by experts on the breed and give a positive conclusion.

So getting pedigree – if she really needed the owner – not the most complicated process. Importantly, from the outset to operate properly. However, no degree “advanced” pedigree affects the strength of love fans of dogs. And we are with you that do know. Only for the prestige of the owner of the dog lineage as necessary as air.

It is necessary to design pedigree 750 rubles in the event that the owner of the dog – a Russian citizen, or 1750 rubles. for foreign nationals in a foreign language. Pedigree will be ready in 15 days. If you want a pedigree in the day, you have to pay 500 rubles. more. All prices on this site RKF. If you place an ancestry through his club, far from Moscow, be prepared that all deadlines will be much longer. Sometimes clubs also charge extra for registration of pedigrees.

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